Single Visit Root Canal – Dental Treatment

Introduction – Single Visit Root Canal

A root canal is a treatment in dentistry for repairing and saving a tooth which is badly decayed or is infected. During this procedure, the nerve and pulp of the tooth are removed followed by cleaning and sealing the interior of the tooth. If root canal is not done in time, the oral tissues get infected and may progress to an abscess.

Root canal is literally the natural cavity within the center of the any tooth. This cavity contains the nerve supplying the particular tooth. It also contains a soft area called as the pulp or pulp chamber. The nerve of the tooth only provides sensations like hot and cold. It is not important for the health or function of the tooth. So, the removal of this nerve does not affect the normal functioning of the tooth.

Root canal therapy helps patients to maintain the health of oral cavity.
After the nerve tissue or the pulp is damaged, various bacteria begin to grow within the chamber. This damage may be caused by decay, various dental procedures, large fillings, a crack or chip in the tooth, or injury to the face. An infection or abscess forms in such tooth due to the bacteria. An abscess or a pus filled pocket is formed when the infection spreads to the ends of the roots of the tooth. Other complications also can arise due to these infections, like swelling of the face, head or neck, bone loss in the root or formation of fistula which can drain the pus to cheeks or skin.

Signs and symptoms:

  • Pain in the tooth on chewing or pressure.
  • Abnormal sensitivity to extremes of temperatures
  • Swelling of gums
  • A recurring pimple on gums

Before the procedure:

In this case, the root canal is performed in a single visit. If the patient has infection or abscess in the tooth, the dentist advises a complete course of antibiotics before the root canal. A baseline X-ray is taken to examine the shape of the root canals and also for any signs of bone infection.

Procedure:

  • A dentist or endodontist first numbs the area around the bad tooth with the help of anesthetic medicine injected by a small needle. A slight prick is felt when the needle is inserted. A rubber dam is placed around the tooth to protect other soft tissues of mouth and to ensure that nothing falls back into the throat while working.
  • The covering or top part of the tooth is removed by a small drill, thus exposing the pulp chamber. This pulp contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. The pulp extends from root of the tooth to the jaw bone.
  • The diseased pulp is removed by using a special instrument called as dental file. The small canals inside the tooth are cleaned and shaped to receive the filling material. The area can be medicated to prevent further infection. To make sure that all of the infected pulp is removed; the dentist may take X-ray or can use other instruments.
  • Finally, the steps necessary for restoration are taken. Most of the times, a crown is placed the tooth to protect it and strengthen it.
  • A course of antibiotics is given to treat and prevent infection. Pain relievers are also prescribed for a limited period.

The benefits of root canal therapy:

  • Root canal therapy saves the tooth on the verge of collapse
  • It prevents the spread of infection
  • Root canal therapy helps patients to maintain the health of oral cavity.
  • Single visit decreases the total cost and transport expenses of the patient.
  • Elderly patients, especially, are more suitable for this type of treatment.

Complications:

New infections can occur even after a successful root canal. The reasons may be:

  • A prolonged procedure stretching for more than anticipated time.
  • Crack or chip in the root
  • Defective restoration
  • A breakdown of the inner material used for sealing.

Generally, with antibiotic treatment and some adjustments by the dentist, these problems can be taken care of. But sometimes a surgery is necessary.

- Link of interest: Twitter Single Visit Root Canal – Dental Treatment.

 

This article is not medical advice nor a substitute to professional health advice. Always consult a doctor.

Home
Blog
Countries
Clinics
Learn Zone
Facebook Twitter Google + Blog Instagram Pinterest RSS
Surgery Cost
Connect with Clinis
Other Treatments