Dental Checkup – Dental Treatment

Introduction –Dental Checkup

The dental check-up is as important as general health check-up done by a physician. The teeth are very precious and if not taken good care, they need extensive treatment.  As it is said, prevention is better than cure. Therefore, regular dental check-up is essential.

The standard recommendation for dental check-ups and cleanings is to meet the dentist at least twice a year. This is a general frequency level for working as well as business class of people in good dental health. However, in some people with gum disease, in persons having a genetic predisposition for plaque or cavities or with a weakened immune system may need to visit the dentist more often for proper care.

Any fears about going to the dentist or receiving dental care should be informed.
There are certain life-events which cause stress or illness result in changes in the mouth or the development of an infection. This makes more frequent visits to the dentist necessary. On the other hand, some people take good care of their teeth and gums as well as have spent years without any dental problems may be allowed to lengthen the time between visits. At first visit, make sure to ask the dentist about the best suited visiting schedule for state of the patient’s dental health.

Before assessing the oral health, the dentist may want to know more about the general health of the patient. Areas that he or she usually addresses with the patient can include:

  1. Detailed Medical history

The dentist should be informed about any disease that the patient is diagnosed with.This information about the health issues is important for the dentist even if the patient thinks these issues are not related with the mouth. Some diseasescan cause increase in the risk of periodontal disease or might require the use of some different type of anesthesia or may require a different approach for treatment as well as prevention of oral health problems.

  1. All medications being taken currently by the patient along with their dosages should be informed. This is important for three reasons:
  • Some medicines can cause side effects like dry mouth or can increase the risk of dental cavities.
  • The choice of anesthetic medication may be dependent on these medications
  • Another important reason is that the dentist can decide which medicine should be prescribed that will not cause interaction with the medication already being taken.
  1. Current dental health

The patient should not hesitate in informing about sensitive teeth, feeling of any lumps or bumps, and feeling of having a dental cavity or any other oral health problems. By informing the symptoms being experienced, the patient can help the dentist to make an early diagnosis of a dental problem.

  1. Dental fears

Any fears about going to the dentist or receiving dental care should be informed. Dental treatments have changed drastically in recent years and so have the pain management options. The dentist can allay the fears, can reduce pain and can make the patient more comfortable by discussing various issues.

Events at the typical Dental Checkup appointment:

The new dentist needs to become familiar with the patient’s oral health at the first visit so that he or she can identify any changes or problems moreeasily during future visits. The usual dental check-up visit involves the following oral health care activities:

  1. The dentist does the following things initially:
  • An initial detail oral examination of gums and teeth is conducted
  • Any changes in overall health and medicine use is diagnosed
  • General information about caring for the teeth and gums is given and any questions of the patient about dental health are answered.
  • Any oral health problems are diagnosed and treatment recommendations are made.
  1. Cleaning

Regular tooth brushing and flossing can help to remove the plaques, but professional cleaning by dentist only can thoroughly clean the teeth and remove the hardened plaque known as calculus or tartar.A series of metal hand instruments are used to clean the teeth. Ultrasonic scalers can also be used for this purpose.

  1. Polishing

After cleaning of teeth, they are polished to remove plaques and stains on the tooth surface. The polish contains an abrasive substance and fluoride and is applied using a small rubber cup or brush attached to the dental hand piece.

  1. Prevention

Additional instructions may be given to the patient to be followed at home, based on the results of the examination. 

  1. X-rays

X-rays may be taken during the dental check-up. The frequency of X-rays is determined by considering clinical examination, dental history, and possible risk for developing cavities.

  1. Treatment recommendations

After any oral health problems are identified during the examination, the dentist makes recommendations for the next steps. The dentist may advice referral to another oral health care specialist, some diagnostic tests, or any restoration work.

- Link of interest: Twitter Dental Checkup – Dental Treatment.


This article is not medical advice nor a substitute to professional health advice. Always consult a doctor.

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