Acrylic Dentures – Dental Treatment

Introduction –Acrylic Dentures

Tooth loss can occur due to many reasons such as periodontal disease, decay or trauma. Dentures are removable replacements for the teeth which look and function like the natural teeth and surrounding gum tissues. Dentures have been used to replace missing teeth for many years.

Acrylic dentures are quiet while biting unlike porcelain which causes clacking sound during chewing.
The loss of your teeth can have negative effects on the ability to chew or bite on the food and it can also affect the self-confidence. Sagging of cheeks and face can occur as their support is lost. This can make the patient look older than actual age. Therefore, it is essential to replace the missing teeth as early as possible.

Properties of acrylic:

  1. Acrylic dentures are made from versatile, easily moldable plastic. They are generally used for people with no teeth remaining.
  2. Different grades or qualities of acrylic are available for natural-looking dentures. High quality acrylic is more expensive and can resist wear up to five or more years.
  3. Plastic tooth patterns usually imitate the exact shape and size of the natural tooth. This is particularly useful for a more uniform look in a partial denture that is installed next to a natural tooth.
  4. The base or pink gum-like part of a denture can also be manufactured from an acrylic material.

Procedure of denture fitting:

  1. During first appointment, the dentist thoroughly examines the mouth for suitability for dentures. Before the fitting, sometimes treatment of gums or existing teethneeds to be done. The oral cavity must be healthy before starting any treatment.
  2. The dentist then takes precise measurements of mouth and an impression or mold of the gums is made. It is tried on and adjusted several times till exact fit is obtained. This serves as a model to be sent to a dental laboratory.
  3. The lab makes a denture exactly fitting to the contours of the mouth.
  4. The dentures are attached by metal implements to existing teeth or by suctioning to gums if there are no teeth remaining.

Advantages – Acrylic Dentures:

  1. Acrylic teeth are less likely to break or develop fractures.
  2. Acrylic dentures are a better choice than porcelain if only partial dentures are needed when the false teeth meet against natural teeth. Acrylic causes less wear on natural teeth.
  3. Acrylic teeth resist staining.
  4. Acrylic teeth are preferred for people having bone loss in their jaws or unhealthy gums. Chewing puts pressure on the dentures and this force is transferred to the bones underlying the gums. Constant force canaffect the bones, the bite, or occlusion. This mal-occlusion can further damage the bones by unbalanced pressure.Acrylic teeth transfer less pressure on the bones and gums.
  5. Acrylic also transfers less pressure from habits like grinding, clenching or tapping teeth.
  6. Hey are more handy and easy to clean as the risk for chipping or fractures is less.
  7. Acrylic dentures are quiet while biting unlike porcelain which causes clacking sound during chewing.

Disadvantages – Acrylic Dentures:

  1. Acrylic is not as hard as porcelain dentures, so it is less durable. It cannot resist wear much as compared to other materials.
  2. Acrylic teeth are susceptible to abrasion. Acrylic teeth wear down with time and this causes changes in the length of the teeth.
  3. But they contain microscopic pits which can hold bacteria. Brushing or quick soaking does not eliminate the bacteria efficiently. The residual bacteria can multiply rapidly and cause oral infection or bad breath. Overnight soaking is needed to thoroughly clean the dentures.
  4. Acrylic dentures require more regular dental checkups to ensure proper fit and to evaluate wear of dentures.

- Link of interest: Twitter Acrylic Dentures – Dental Treatment.

 

This article is not medical advice nor a substitute to professional health advice. Always consult a doctor.

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