Abscessed Tooth – Remedy, Dental Treatment

Introduction – Abscessed Tooth

A tooth abscess is basically an infection at the root of a tooth or between the gum and a tooth. It is a very painful condition. Sometimes a broken or chipped tooth, gingivitis or gum disease may lead to an abscess in the tooth. Trauma to the tooth is also a common precipitator.

Tooth abscess leads to openings in the tooth enamel, which allows bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (called the pulp). The infection may also spread from the root of the tooth to the bones supporting the tooth. This may cause more extensive infections that can sometimes affect the jaw as well.

Symptoms of an Abscessed Tooth

There is a severe and continuous toothache which leads to gnawing, throbbing pain, sharp or shooting pain. Apart from this the patient may develop fever, pain on talking or chewing, sensitivity to cold or hot foods, bad breath, bitter taste in the mouth and swollen and painful neck glands.

There is redness and swelling of the gums and sometimes swelling of the upper or lower jaw. The abscess may also make itself known by an open, draining sore on the side of the gum.

Diagnosis and Treatment of an Abscessed Tooth

The tooth needs to be examined by a dentist. On probing or tapping over the affcted tooth there may be severe pain. In addition, the dentist may suspect an abscessed tooth because gums may be swollen and red. The dentist usually orders X-rays to look for erosion of the bone around the abscess. Strategies to eliminate the infection, preserve the tooth, and prevent complications are the goals of treatment for an abscessed tooth.

The inflammation and pain of abscesses may be relieved with a low-level laser, making the patient more comfortable to receive the injection in a more painless way.
To treat the infection, the pus in the abscess may need to be drained. Achieving drainage may be done through the tooth by a procedure known as a root canal. Root canal surgery may also be recommended to remove any diseased root tissue after the infection has subsided. Then, a crown may be placed over the tooth. Sometimes the tooth may need to be extracted, allowing drainage through the socket.

Antibiotics are prescribed to help fight the infection. To relieve the pain and discomfort associated with an abscessed tooth, warm salt-water rinses and over-the-counter pain medication like Ibuprofen or Diclofenac can be used.

The inflammation and pain of abscesses may be relieved with a low-level laser, making the patient more comfortable to receive the injection in a more painless way.

Prevention – Abscessed Tooth

Following good oral hygiene practices can reduce the risk of developing a tooth abscess. Also, if the teeth experience trauma (for example, become loosened or chipped), one should seek prompt dental attention.

This article is not medical advice nor a substitute to professional health advice. Always consult a doctor.

 

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