Non Invasive Bone Cancer Therapy

Introduction – Non Invasive Bone Cancer Therapy

Cancer treatment is a multi-faceted therapy. In cancer care, different types of doctors often work together to create a detailed treatment plan which combines different types of therapies.

Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors such as the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, and preference of the patient and overall health condition.

For a low-grade tumor, the primary treatment is surgery. The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and a margin of healthy bone or tissue around the tumor to make sure all of the cancer cells are eliminated.

For a high-grade tumor, oncologists (doctors who specializes in the care and treatment of people with cancer) often advise a combination of treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Non-invasive bone cancer treatment includes:

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. These drugs stop the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body.

Chemotherapy is given by a medical oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer with medication. A chemotherapy regimen or schedule usually consists of a specific number of treatment cycles spread over a set period of time. A patient may receive one drug at a time or combinations of different drugs at the same time. Chemotherapy for bone cancer is usually given as an outpatient treatment.

Surgery alone is not usually enough treatment for some bone cancers, particularly osteosarcoma. These cancers have a tendency to recur as distant metastases (most often in the lungs). The use of chemotherapy has increased survival rates for such people with metastasis of bone cancer.

Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors such as the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, and preference of the patient and overall health condition.
Sometimes, the fast-growing bone cancer may be treated first with chemotherapy before surgery. This reduces the size of the primary tumor and makes the surgical removal easier. It can also destroy tiny areas of metastasis if some of the cancer cells have spread to other areas. This type of chemotherapy given before surgery is called as neoadjuvant chemotherapy or induction chemotherapy.

Three to four cycles of chemotherapy are given before surgery to shrink the primary tumor. Chemotherapy before surgery may also improve survival, since it can kill cancer cells which may have spread from the original tumor. The tumor’s response to chemotherapy can be used to better determine the prognosis.

After recovery from surgery, the patient may receive additional chemotherapy to kill any remaining tumor cells. This is called postoperative or adjuvant chemotherapy. Combination of neo-adjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy has saved many lives and many patients’ limbs.

Some common chemotherapy drugs given to patients with bone cancer are ifosfamide, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, cisplatin, doxorubicin, and dactinomycin.

The side effects of chemotherapy depend on the individual and the dose used, but they often include fatigue, risk of infection, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. These side effects occur usually for short duration.

Patient should discuss with the doctor about the medications prescribed, their purpose, and their potential side effects or interactions with other medications.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to kill cancer cells. The most common type of radiation treatment is called as an external-beam radiation therapy. In this therapy, the radiation is given from a machine outside the body. When radiation treatment is given using implants, it is called internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy.

A radiation therapy regimen or schedule usually consists of a particular number of treatments spread over a set period of time. In case of bone cancer, radiation therapy is most often used for patients having a tumor that cannot be removed by surgery. Radiation therapy can also be given before surgery to shrink the tumor, or it may be done after surgery to kill any cancer cells remaining after surgery.

Radiation therapy allows less extensive surgery, often preserving the arm or leg. This therapy may also be used to relieve pain for patients as part of palliative care.

Side effects from radiation therapy may include fatigue, mild skin reactions, upset stomach, and loose bowel movements. Most side effects go away soon after the completion of treatment.

Palliative/supportive care

Cancer and its treatment often cause side effects. An important part of cancer care is relieving a person’s symptoms and side effects. This approach is called palliative or supportive care, and it includes supporting the patient with his or her physical, emotional, and social needs.

Palliative care given toward the end of a person’s life is called hospice care. The patient and the family are encouraged to think about the most comfortable place: at home, in the hospital, or in a hospice environment. Nursing care and special equipment can make staying at home suitable for some patients.

- Link of interest: Twitter Non Invasive Bone Cancer Therapy – Cancer Treatment.

 

This article is not medical advice nor a substitute to professional health advice. Always consult a doctor.

 

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