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Liposuction – Fighting fat and technology

Fight fat, the new way!

The first serious attempt to fight unwanted body fat was liposuction, using equipment originally designed for abortions. After this, lasers were introduced to disrupt the membranes of fat cells and help emulsify them. According to researchers, laser liposuction is another example of expensive procedures as they require a lot of money for laser machines. The lasers may burn skin, scars may look like cobblestones, and there may be scars within the fat. The laser procedures are mostly having been abandoned by the surgeons.

Recently, a study was done at a leading university regarding the women who had liposuction on their thighs or lower abdomen. In this study, the fat returned after a year, redistributed to the upper abdomen, shoulders or arms. This event is explained by the researchers like this, ‘the body “defends” its fat, carefully controlling the number of fat cells.


Mesotherapy, which is often called as lipo-dissolve, a treatment that offers fat-melting injections composed of chemicals originally used to dissolve gallstones. This approach proved unsuccessful for one important reason: Body fat exists in a mesh of fibrous tissue placed at irregular angles to each other. It makes it almost impossible for the chemicals to spread out evenly.

It gives lumpy, bumpy and irregular results,” according to a dermatologist. “The procedure also created a lot of inflammation, tenderness and pain. It can also release fat into the bloodstream very quickly.” The FDA has not approved any injection drugs to eliminate fat. The companies which make misleading claims about the products used in mesotherapy are being warned.

This injectable product usually contains phosphatidycholine and deoxycholate, and sometimes includes vitamins, minerals and herbal extracts. The adverse effects can include permanent scarring, skin deformation and painful knots under the skin in treated areas.

Two new devices, cleared by the FDA, fall under the heading of “cool sculpting.” This is based on the fact that the fat is more cold-sensitive than other tissues. Cold causes fat to solidify without injuring the skin or underlying muscle.

The “individual flanks” or body area to be treated is pulled into the device and subjected to extreme cold for about an hour. Over a period of about two months, the frozen fat cells die and then they are slowly released into the bloodstream. Cool sculpting is not meant to address being generally overweight.

The other new device is based on technology known as “cold laser”. This can produce small reductions in the waist, hips or thighs by causing fat cells to release their contents. The fat tissue returned after a year, redistributed to the upper abdomen, shoulders or arms. The technologies to dissolve fats, which are based on ultrasound, are yet to be approved by FDA.

To summarize, all these new, non-invasive technologies are good, but they are usually not as effective in removing fat as an invasive procedure like liposuction. “It’s important for patients to remember that invasive treatments for fat removal are difficult procedures that need to be performed by an experienced cosmetic surgeon who has education, training and skill in this procedure, such as a dermatologist.”

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